National Oregon/California Trail Center in Montpelier Idaho

TRAIL BASICS

Indians

Indians of many separate tribes who spoke different languages. Most Indians were tolerant of the pioneer wagon trains that drove through their lands. Some traded and swapped buffalo robes and mocassins for knives, clothes, food and other items. Some tribes were notorious for stealing from the emigrants along the road. And, there were some violent altercations between Indians and pioneers, but these were very few compared with the total number of settlers who traveled in safety through Indian lands. In the early years of the trail, Indians never attacked a large wagon train, but stragglers could be in big trouble

Local Shoshone Indians circa ????